Chicago can definitely be defined as the “American” city that reflects the transformation of the United States at the end of the nineteenth century. The U.S was developing fast in many different aspects, such as, businesses, buildings, technology and people. These were all demonstrated in Chicago. The population in Chicago grew because more and more immigrants moved there because of the increase in the industry. This caused many changes, good and bad.
The diversity of Chicago can best be symbolized as The Worlds Columbian Exposition in 1893. This fair had different shows and acts and prompts of different places around the world. Over twenty seven million people attended this fair, which symbolized the growth in population around the United States. The main attractions at the fair were the Ferris wheel, locomotives and moving sidewalks. This fair was very popular at this time, which is another reason why Chicago can be defined as the “American” city.
The increase of population in Chicago and in the United States in the late nineteenth century made it so people did not have as much space to build and expand. This led to the creation on skyscrapers. Chicago was the city to start to build up instead of out. More businesses could be built since more buildings could be closer together now that they are taller and can fit more people than before. More job opportunities opened up, however, most of those jobs did not pay a good salary, which caused more lower class people. This was a negative transformation in the nineteenth century.
It started to get too crowded in the city, so, the upper class people would move to the suburbs of the city. The streetcar and “the Union loop” was built. This made it so everyone who lives in the suburbs had easy access to the city everyday. This was also a huge transformation for the United States.
In the late 19th century Chicago was at its peak of transformation as the U.S was too. Immigrants, development of industries and the Worlds Columbian Exposition was the main cause of these transformations. I certainly think Chicago is the “American” city that reflects the transformation of the United States at the end of the nineteenth century.